The Role Of USS Essex

In The World War II

The USS Essex CV-9 was a Aircraft Carrier

The USS Essex CV-9 was a aircraft carrier cum battleship which served during the Second World War. Once the war broke out between the Allied and Axis power, it was the latter that had the upper hand. Japan was one of the countries in particular which was giving a lot of trouble to the United States and when they carried out the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States army realized that a serious check was needed to be enforced upon the Japanese forces. This check came in the form of the USS Essex CV-9.

While there had been other models of the Essex class of warships in the past, the CV-9 was state of the art. The deck of the ship could house more than 100 aircrafts on it, making it the single largest aircraft carrier at the time, and was also fitted with multiple turret guns which could serve defense purposes in case the ship came under attack. Additionally, it could also fit a crew of up to 2500 members, thereby allowing militia to travel aboard the ship and take part in amphibian attacks.

USS Essex CV-9 Began Her Career on the Pacific Oceans in 1943

The USS Essex CV-9 began her career on the Pacific oceans in 1943. She was a part of the Task Force 16 and carried out the attacks on Marcus Island, Wake Island, Gilbert Island, Marshall Islands, and Kwajalein, among others as her first few missions. These missions were varied in type and also included amphibian missions which the CV-9 seemed to excel at. Owing to her increased maneuverability and massive firepower, she was made the flagship bearer of the Task Force 16.


In 1944, she continued her attacks on the Japanese front and devastating their war efforts and she also became the permanent carrier of the Task Force 15, who were one of the deadliest group of warriors during the 2nd World War. As an even more upliftment in her status, David Campbell, one of the leading commanders of the United States navy, became the captain of the USS Essex CV-9 and commandeered it into some of the most dangerous missions of the 2ns World War such as the operation Typhoon Cobra, the attacks on Mindoro, the Lingyean Gulf operation, etc.

The USS Essex CV-9 was such a fierce force of artillery that it did not required only one single upgrade during the entire course of the 2nd World War whereas other battleships had multiple upgrades being fitted onto them. This upgrade was performed in 1944 in San Francisco following which the CV-9 went back to take her crown position as the lead naval artillery force. Other forces which served alongside her were Task Force 38 and 58.

One of the Primary Damages that the CV-9

One of the primary damages that the CV-9 received during the entire was being hit by a falling Japanese Kamikaze fighter plane. She required some repairs but as soon as they were completed, she went back to take her place among the front lines of the war. However, this event led to the death of 15 troops and injured almost 50. Four successful operations which she was a part of were the attacks on the Japanese territories of Formosa, Okinawa, Luzon, and Sakishima. She was also a very important part of forming the naval blockade around the China sea which allowed the Allied forces to push the Axis towards surrendering.

After the armistice was finally signed between the two forces, the war came to an end, and the USS Essex CV-9 was decommissioned. However, she was recommissioned once again within a few months as now the Cold War had started and thus there was a need to show the presence of great firepower. She would go on to take part in various defensive missions during this era such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, and also in offensive ones such as the Korean war. The USS Essex CV-9 was truly one of the fiercest aircraft carriers to have served in the United States navy and she was later upgraded into the USS Essex LHD-2 and thus the CV-9 was permanently decommissioned.

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